The full title of the book is Multivariable model building: A pragmatic approach to regression analysis based on fractional polynomials for modelling continuous variables . It’s a good book. It clearly presents its rationale for using a restricted set of fractional polynomials instead of either linear terms or splines. Read more!
Today, we think of probability as an intensively mathematical subject. But the mathematics took a long to develop and people were thinking about probability long before it did. Read more!
On this site I have written quite a lot about regression analysis.
But what is regression analysis?
Briefly, regression analysis is a set of methods for relating dependent variables to independent variables. In the vast majority of regressions there is one dependent variable and any number of independent variables. There are a lot of types of regression analysis. But, you may ask
What is regression analysis for?
The main thing that makes regression analysis special is the idea of controlling for other variables. The mathematics behind this are interesting to geeks like me, but the basic idea is that of holding other variables constant. It is a way of looking at the relationship between the dependent variable and each independent variable while holding the values of the other independent variables constant.
“OK”, you say
But what is regression analysis used for?
And the answer is: Almost everything!
How do voting preferences relate to sex?
How do college grades relate to age?
How does income relate to age, sex, ethnicity and race?
How does the likelihood of getting cancer relate to smoking?
The chi-square test can refer to several different types of tests. Here I will discuss the one-way and two-way tests. The two-way test generalizes to multi-way tests in a natural way. These tests are tests for nominal variables (for a discussion of what a nominal variable is, see this post). The one-way test tests whether a variable is distributed according to some proportions that you specify beforehand. The two-way and multi-way tests test whether two (or more) variables are associated.
When you have bivariate data – that is, data on two variables – either or both may be categorical or continuous. When there is one of each, and you want to compare the distribution of one across levels of the other, a parallel box plot is a good option. Suppose, for example, you want to compare the heights of people across ethnic groups. Read more!